Social equality implies to a state of equal rights, status and obligations among all men and women in a certain society.
It is an ideal situation when all living men in a community share the same voting right, financial independence, freedom of speech, right to own property and access to all kinds of social goods despite difference in gender, race, age or ethnicity.
As idealistic as that may sound, social equality is very rare in all societies. In every society and every country, we see one form of social inequality or another that everyone has to face in their lives.
Gender inequality is common in almost all societies. Even in modern and developed societies, men are considered as the bread-earners of the family whereas the chief responsibilities of the women consist of maintaining the house and raising children.
Even with the gradual increase of highly qualified women in the workplace, the roles haven’t been changed completely. A woman completely absorbed in her career forsaking a family life, or a man choosing to stay home to look after the children is still frowned upon in the most advanced of societies.
Though in almost every society and country, woman has the same rights to property as a man, in most cases it is seen that the maximum important properties of the family, mainly the house or the car, is purchased under the name of the man.
Age discrimination is seen mostly in the workplace, where people over or under a certain age has difficulty in ensuring a job for themselves based on their age. Though there exists a law under every State and Federal Law in the US, age discrimination is still prevalent in a number of organizations.
Caste inequality is an aspect that is not seen in the developed countries, but still exists in some of the traditional and backward nations of the world.
Besides, racial inequality is an aspect prevailing in every society. Regardless of gender or age, people belonging to diverse race, ethnicity or color face different types of discrimination in the workplace, in educational institutions and in the outside world. It is very difficult to pinpoint or determine racial discrimination, especially in the workplace, as it can be heavily masked by other aspects of the person, such as inexperience or lack or innovation.
However, discrimination in every form is prohibited under every State and Federal law in the US. In every political system, there are different types of equality rules and laws that are found.
Civil, political, natural, and economic equality
Civil equality implies that every individual is subjected to enjoy the rights and liberations, as well as obligations of the same law living under the same State. Under this law, all citizens have to be treated equally regardless of caste, color, religion or belief.
According to political equality, all individuals and citizens of a Nation have equal political rights and equal access to all government offices. It also means that everyone has the right to form or to join a political party and contest in election.
Natural equality assumes that all people are born equal and free and endowed with the same talents. Social Equality implies that all citizens of a state or nation are free to enjoy all the opportunities offered in a society.
Economic equality means that all wealth should be enjoyed equally and by all. This concept is hugely favored in the Communist countries.
If all the laws of equality in the society are maintained, all citizens of all nations would live in perfect harmony with each other. However, that is not the case in most societies, where acute inequality prevails.